The city of Luxor, or “city of civilization”, or “open temple” is one of the most important tourist cities in Egypt at all, as old as history itself. Wherever you go in Luxor you will find a poet who speaks a great civilization, and why not? It is the capital of the ancient Pharaonic state, with its most important temples and Pharaonic monuments.
Luxor City Luxor attracts not only culture and history enthusiasts but also offers tourists a lot of surprises. The most interesting of these are Nile cruises, which are divided into two halves, enjoying the most beautiful landscapes, and flying balloons that give you the most beautiful views of the city. The city is from the top, and of course we do not forget to ride the dinghy, the most popular means of traveling in Luxor, and above all that mild climate of winter, which made Luxor the world’s most unmatched place.
Now let’s start together to explore the treasures of Luxor tourism and its landmarks.
The most important landmarks of Luxor:
The most important archaeological sites in Luxor
- Temple Karnak Karnak Temple
Karnak Temple is a complex of temples of 11 temples, dating back to more than 4500 years; to be the oldest places of worship known history, so Karnak Temple is one of the most important monuments of Egypt and the most famous in the world.
The temple of Karnak continued for about 2000 years, with a total area of about 46 acres for the worship of the god Amun Ra, his wife Mut and their son, the god Khonsu. The temple of Karnak was built from the inside of the Holy of Holies, and then to the outside, where the largest lobby in the world, which contains 134 columns, then the entrance to the temple is the famous road of rams.
One of the most beautiful features of the Karnak Temple, one of the most important landmarks of Luxor, is the sound and light performances that take place at night, which tells his story in more than one language.
- Luxor Temple
The Temple of Luxor is one of the most prominent temples of the East Bank, located near Karnak Temple. It dates back to the Middle Kingdom, on the orders of King Amenhotep III, to serve as a home to the god Amun Ra.
The temple of Luxor is characterized by its huge structure, which begins with its large gate, with Ramses II sitting on either side of the entrance, with two pedestrians in its place, and the other in the French capital of Paris since 1836.
Then there is the huge Ramses II monument at a width of 65 m. Then we will find the huge corridor which consists of two rows of great papyrus columns, and many monuments and distinctive rooms.
The Luxor Temple is also historically known for its so-called “Chamber of Birth”, which was a major reason for the construction of the Luxor temple itself, until King Amenhotep affirms his legitimacy to rule by proving his relation to the god Amun.
- Temple of the Monastery of the Sea Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
The Temple of the Monastery of the Sea or the Temple of Hatshepsut deserves the title of the jewel of the temples of Luxor, it is the largest and most important funerary temples in the era of the Pharaonic state. Tourists from all over the world come to enjoy the splendor of its unique architecture.
The temple was built down a rocky slope in the Deir al-Bahari region, one of the most important archaeological sites in Luxor located on the west bank of the Nile. The purpose of the temple was to worship Amun, the sun god. The temple consists of two parts, the outer part of the interior, and the interior of the dead.
The monastery of the monastery is designed on 3 levels, with open balconies and is built entirely of limestone, in front of the second floor there are several statues of Queen Hatshepsut and the god Osiris. The temple also has its historical engravings on its walls, which still retain their colors despite the passage of thousands of years.
- Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings is always placed by tourists at the top of the list of the most important tourist attractions in Luxor and Egypt in general, when you go there will be aware of why thousands of people come to this historic place every day. The Valley of the Kings in Luxor is a site that includes the most important royal tombs and some important people from the footnote of the ruling families of Pharaonic Egypt.
The Valley of the Kings comprises 64 tombs, most notably the tomb of King Tutankhamun. The Valley of the Kings is classified as one of UNESCO World Heritage sites; It is said that this site was chosen for burial; its proximity to the Pharaonic temples.
- Valley of the Queens
The Valley of the Queens is located in the southernmost part of the western bank. It was built in the same architectural style as the Valley of the Kings. It has the same purpose. It is the burial place of royal family women, princes, princesses and close associates of the noble class.
The most famous tombs in the Valley of the Queens are the tomb of Queen Nefertari, the beloved wife of Ramesses II, beautiful beauties whose husband made her the most beautiful graveyard. All the walls of the tomb are decorated with inscriptions, and murals of incomparable beauty, representing the queen, receiving guidance from the gods.
- Representing Memnon Colossi of Memnon
The Mamnoun statues are considered to be the most famous monuments of the great Luxor, along the road leading to the tombs of the Valley of the Kings. They survived an ancient temple built to commemorate King Amenhotep the Third, one of the kings of the 18th Dynasty.
One of the most prominent monuments of tourism in Luxor, which is keen to tourists, is to contemplate the greatness of ancient Egyptian history. They are called the “giant of Memnon,” where the height of the statue is about 21.90 m. The name “Memnon” was called in the Greek era; One of the statues; the air would pass through those cracks, making a sound like ananin, said to be the whine or hero of “Memnon” who was killed by “Akbil” during the Trojan Wars.
- The Funeral Temple of Amenhotep III Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III
The temple of Amenhotep the Third is called the “Temple of Millions of Years” and is located in the Comet of the Whales, on the western bank of Luxor or the so-called “City of the Dead”.
King Amenhotep the Third, who is believed to have ruled Egypt for more than 37 years, built a large area of 385 thousand meters 2, but was greatly affected by his low position. He was flooded with water and was hit by a severe earthquake in 27 BC. Memnon, and is now undergoing numerous excavations and excavations; to explore the treasures of this monumental funerary temple.
- Luxor Museum
You can not travel to Luxor without passing through the Luxor Museum, which contains more than 376 rare artifacts, and mummies of the most important kings of Pharaonic Egypt. The museum is located on the Corniche Road and is one of the most important tourist places in Egypt to learn about the pharaonic history.
The Luxor Museum consists of two floors: the first floor contains many important artifacts, most notably the granite head of Amenhotep III, the head of the goddess Hathor in the form of a cow, the statue of Amon and the Karnak. The upper floor contains a hall with many important statues , A mummy hall, a hall for cutting ornaments, pots, and some furniture, amulets.
The Ramsium Temple is located in the western part of the land, and was built by King Ramses II, confirming his great royal status and commemorating his memory.
King Ramesses II was fond of building temples in Luxor and Nubia. The most important of these was the Ramessium temple, which included the huge statues of King Ramses II, the images and the inscriptions on the walls of the temple that tell the nature of life during this period. And its conquests that were between King Ramesses II and the Hittites, and ended with the victory of King Ramses II.
- Habo City Medinet Habu
The city of Habu is one of the most beautiful archaeological sites in the city of Luxor, built by King Ramses III; for the establishment of funerary rites, and the worship of the god Amun. The secret of the city of Habu in Luxor is its unique architectural style similar to the architectural style of temples in the ancient Syria region, which the king saw during his wars there.
The city of Habu was built on an area of 10 acres, and its walls are still preserved in its colors despite the date of its construction dating back to 3200 BC. There are the most important tourist attractions in Luxor, most notably the Temple of Habu, one of the largest fortified temples of the ancient state, where there is a wall, one indoor and the other outside, and a banquet hall, and the place dedicated to the priests, called Holy of Holies.
- Mummification Museum
The mummification museum is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in Luxor, north of the Luxor Temple on the Corniche of the Nile. The goal of the Egyptian state was to establish a museum of embalming in Luxor; to highlight the techniques of the art of phonetic mummification that stunned the entire world. Ancient Egyptians applied it to many creatures, not just humans.
Thousands of tourists flock to visit the Mummification Museum annually, making it one of the most important tourist attractions in Luxor, where it displays many royal mummies and a number of stuffed animals. It also offers a collection of used mummification tools. There is also a model of a funerary in the museum. Across the Nile to the western mainland.
- Deir El-Medina
City Monastery The name may be strange to your ears, because this historic place, with its privileged location between the Valley of the Kings and the Queens, did not have the same fame as those two sites. But what you do not know is that without this place, Pharaonic temples from the foundation.
Deir Al Madina is an integrated residential complex, Pharaonic houses and decorated tombs. It was built for the workers who created and established the city of Luxor, Pharaonic, so the discovery of the monastery of the city led to the documentation of the lives of workers in the Pharaonic era,
- Tombs of the Nobles Tombs of the Nobles
The tombs of nobles date back to the Middle Kingdom and the modern state, the second most beautiful pharaonic tombs, after the tombs in the Valley of the Kings and the Queens. The nobles here are meant by the great men of the state, after the kings who were limited to them in the ancient Pharaonic state.
However, during the following epochs, they were granted the right to immortality and the decoration of their tombs with inscriptions, such as the tombs of the kings. This resulted in thousands of magnificent tombs of nobles, but only 19 of them are available for visiting, which vary in terms of architecture, colors and quality of paintings; Make it one of the nicest tourist destinations in Luxor, Pharaonic.
- Funeral Temple City I Mortuary Temple of Seti I
The funerary temple is the first city in the Qurna area on the western bank. It is also called the Great Temple of Abydos. The purpose of this temple was to glorify and worship all the great Egyptian gods among its walls, but Pharaoh the First City could not complete it. Ramses II, in addition to the construction of his own funerary temple, which is located close to the funeral temple of the First City, which was designed in the form of L, and features its walls with unusual patterns, some of which retain their original colors.
- Howard Carter House
The house of Howard Carter, the discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamun, where he has been living for 15 years, for more than 87 years. The Egyptian authorities decided to turn this house into a museum, to satisfy the curiosity of many to learn more about this world; and to celebrate his outstanding contributions to Egyptology.
Howard Carter’s house features the world’s most important tools for drilling, excavating, and a collection of photographs of his work. But his most important achievement at all was the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922, the most heavily preserved cemetery, among the Pharaonic tombs in the Valley of the Kings.
Luxor’s most important attractions
Luxor’s Corniche is one of the most important entertainment venues in Luxor. The Corniche extends over 2000 meters, starting with the Iberotel hotel signal, to the north of Luxor. There is nothing nicer than a picnic with your loved ones on the Nile Corniche, in addition to watching the banks of the river from it. It is full of boats and boats that take tourists on Nile cruises and no more wonderful.
Just strolling on Luxor’s promenade at night amidst its glittering lights is a pleasure in itself. If you are seriously considering traveling to Luxor, do not miss the Luxor promenade and enjoy the charm and beauty of Luxor, the capital of world tourism.
Visiting the Luxor markets is one of the most important tourist attractions in the city, especially the Luxor tourist market, which visitors are keen to visit, as one of the most important tourism activities in Luxor.
The market is similar to the Khan el-Khalili neighborhood in Cairo, where tourist attractions, antiques shops, antiques, crafts, handicrafts, papyrus, pharaonic accessories, as well as perfume shops and antique pharaonic shops are packed.
Recently, the province of Luxor has developed and refurbished the market by setting up a main portal designed in Pharaonic style to welcome tourists in the upcoming winter tourist season.
Banana Island Banana Island
If you are bored of historic places in Luxor, and want to go to a different and enjoyable place amid the natural and eclectic nature of the nerves, head immediately to the island of Banana located west of Luxor, which is the destination of tourists to enjoy the most beautiful landscapes on the Nile,
Access to the island of Banana in Luxor is carried out by boat trips Nile, where tourists are invited to visit; to break the routine of archaeological sites, and enjoy a different natural atmosphere for rest and relaxation. The banana island stretches over 5 acres and is full of banana trees, palms and many fruit trees.
Landmarks near Luxor
1 – Temples of Abydos Temples of Abydos
The temples of Abydos, about 162 km north of Luxor, are located in an archaeological area. Until the last century, the area was buried under the sand, which can be why it remains so good. The temples of Abydos consist of several archaeological buildings, most notably the Temple of King City I, the Temple of Ramses II, and the Temple of the Ozrians.
The temples of Abydos are an incomparable architectural masterpiece. Their walls contain numerous inscriptions from different historical periods, ranging from prominent sculpture to the walls of the temples, the Isis legend and Osiris, as well as the list of kings inscribed on the walls of one of the great temples of Abydos.
2 – Temple of Hathor in Dandra Temple of Hathor at Dendera
The temple of Hathor in Dandara is a complex of temples to worship the god of Hathor, the symbol of heaven and fertility in the ancient Egyptians. The temple is located about 2.5 km south-east of Dandara in Qena Governorate.
The temple of Hathor is one of the most important temples complexes in Egypt, surrounded by a huge brick wall. The importance of the temple dates back to the presence of many important ancient monuments, most notably the main temple of the temple of Hathor, the temple of the birth of Isis, the holy lake, and other monuments dating back to the Roman era as well.
3 – Temple of Horus in Edfu Temple of Horus at Edfu
The temple of Horus was built in Edfu on the west bank of the Nile; for the idol worship of Horus, and its historical significance is that it was the only temple that retained its status. It took about a century to build;
The temple of Horus in Edfu consists of a large edifice with two towers, then a large courtyard surrounded by columns from three sides. Then we arrive at a lobby with columns in the form of a lotus flower to reach the area where the light dims a bit and finally reach the last point of the temple, The Holy of Holies. The most prominent features of the temple of Horus is the Nile scale, and the house of the birth of God, a small temple similar to the Greek temples.
4- Khenum Temple in Esna Temple of Khnum at Esna
The Khenum Temple is located in Esna, south of Luxor, the only remaining temple of 4 temples in Esna. The temple dates back to the Middle Kingdom, where it was erected on the ruins of an ancient temple. Its construction and decoration continued at separate intervals for 400 years.
The secret of the Khenum temple in Esna is the decoration and inscriptions in its condition, as well as its column hall, which is considered the most beautiful among its counterparts in Egypt in general; the distinctive way of carving its capitals, its proportions and its good conservation.
At the end of our tour of Luxor tourism, this city will always make you face to face with a great civilization and a vibrant history to be explored in all its aspects; its monuments and temples speak of one of the most important human civilizations, the Pharaonic civilization, Complement your visit to Upper Egypt.