Tourism in Aswan
Visitors to Egypt have long been recognized for their tourism. The ancient continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe have been blessed by the ancient world. If we say that Egypt has countless monuments, tourism in Aswan includes many of these monuments and more than the historical monuments.
The city of Aswan Although the features of ancient Egypt are completely different from any historical monuments in the whole world, they are not the remains of buildings or palaces or temples, but it is a civilization full of temples still full of splendor and end.
Tourism in Aswan is not only an ancient attraction, but there are many important landmarks of Aswan. The bright sun of Aswan is the most important feature of this charming city where European tourists come to seek warmth from the frost of their country in the winter and also rejuvenate therapeutic tourism in Aswan as well as recreation, Natural and scenic, great waterfalls and also high dam symbol the struggle and success of the Egyptian people for development and prosperity.
Now is our time to visit one of the most beautiful cities in the world, Aswan city, so let us go.
The most important landmarks of Aswan:
The most important archaeological and historical sites in Aswan
1 – Abu Simbel Abu Simbel Temples
The temples of Abu Simbel are one of the most important tourist attractions in Aswan. The temples are now located west of Lake Nasser, the world’s largest industrial lake, but this was not the original site of the temples. The great Nile water flooded the site after the river was diverted during the construction of the High Dam. UNESCO is supporting the nations of the world in dismantling these temples and moving them westwards to their current location.
These temples were built by King Ramesses II in 1244 BC. The large temple is dedicated to him. He is crowned by 4 large statues of the king. At his feet are statues representing the sons of the king, his wife and his mother. The temple witnesses two important events that are repeated each year and attract thousands of tourists to see the sun’s rays on the face of the king’s statue in the Holy of Holies – the king’s birthday and the day he crowns the throne.
The small temple is dedicated to Queen Nefertari, wife of King Ramesses and worship of the goddess Hathor. These temples are a picture of the greatness of the ancient Egyptians and their abilities in the design and execution of the engineering genius, which remains a mystery puzzling scientists so far.
- Temple of Philae, Aglika Island
The Philae Temple is one of the most beautiful and important tourist attractions in Aswan. It has a great popularity and attractiveness throughout the world. It was rescued from drowning by the UNESCO initiative during the construction of the High Dam in the 1960s. It was transferred from Faila Island to the island of Ajila, south of Lake Nasser. The process of saving the temples was very complex and lasted nearly 9 years, and was attended by a large number of countries of the world, and used advanced technological methods.
The construction of the temple dates back to the third century BC. The worship of the god Isis was followed by the Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods. Each era left its own character on the walls of the temple, where the visitor sees many huge columns and murals with magnificent paintings. Access to the temple will be through a spectacular boat ride in the Nile River where dozens of photos of the charming landscapes are captured.
3 – High Dam High Dam
The dam is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Aswan, and this huge building, along with the greatness of its design and importance, tells the story of the struggle and struggle of the Egyptian people to achieve a dream as long as it wished to achieve. It was the biggest challenge facing the Egyptian revolution in 1952, The world in the twentieth century.
The importance of the High Dam is due to its role in protecting the country from the floods of the mighty Nile River, which was threatening the country every year, and flooding hundreds of villages. In a few years the flood was drying up and destruction of the country. Flood waters to be the largest artificial lake known to humans, to release water through a few holes in the body of the dam, as an industrial waterfall manages dozens of turbines to generate electricity, and manages dozens of factories and illuminate hundreds of villages.
It is therefore not strange that the High Dam is one of the tourist sites in Aswan, which the tourist seeks to know about the greatest human achievement done during the 20th century, and the surrounding area is very magnificent.
- Unfinished obelisk
The missing obelisk is located in the southern part of the Egyptian quarries. It is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Aswan. The longest Egyptian obelisks are located on the ground at the site of its construction. This is a testament to the accuracy and ability of the Egyptian manufacturer to deal with giant granite stones. The obelisk was carved in the reign of Queen Hatshepsut, as most of the obelisks were created in her time, but a crack appeared in the obelisk’s body, which ceased to exist to have a lasting effect on the earth.
Visitors can see many inscriptions of animals and birds carved on the walls of the obelisk and capture many commemorative photos.
- Nubian Museum
Tourism is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Aswan. The museum presents a special and important aspect of the ancient Nubian civilization, which has been associated with the ancient Egyptian civilization.
The Egyptian architect, Mahmoud Hakim, was executed in his execution. He conveyed with all the sincerity and ability of the original Nubian spirit, and the vocabulary of life in it, astonishing the world by using the surrounding environmental rocks, and their prehistoric caves with its primitive inscriptions and models of the Nubian house with its artistic touches, engravings and bright colors.
The minaret reflects the Islamic civilization, and the many collections that shed light on the life of ancient Nubians such as pottery, small statues of burnt silt, many coins and bronze vessels, and the ancient Nubian civilization is still of interest. Researchers in many countries of the world.
- Kom Ombo Temple
The Temple of Kom Ombo was built on the banks of the Nile River for the worship of the gods Horus the Great and Sobek. It has two identical entrances in the shape. Inside the temple there are many halls with columns, with exquisite drawings and inscriptions, and many temples that show the interconnectedness and reverence of these gods. A collection of statues that have a special sanctity of the ancient Egyptians, and there is a museum next to the museum of many crocodiles stuffed and coffins.
What distinguishes this landmark in addition to its historical place and is one of the factors that attract tourism in Aswan also, is the means of reaching this temple, which is done by sailing in Nile cruises to reach it with all the beauty and nature of the scenes that the tourist passes through and is worth registering through Memorials.
Al-Fenteen Island is considered one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in Aswan. It has historical and strategic importance as it was the most important border fortress of the country. It was the focal point between Egypt and its neighbor in Sudan and an important commercial center.
The name is due to the ancient Egyptian language (Abu), which means the elephant, either because it was the center of the ivory trade, or because the island takes the form of the elephant’s elephant as some likely, and the island was idolized is the god “Khnom” in the form of the head of the ram.
With its unique geographical location and spectacular views of the Nile, it meets many tourist attractions in Aswan with its beauty and history from different eras. The tourist has a visit to the temples of Thutmose III of the ancient state, the temple of Khenom, Avonis III, As for the rest of the monuments on the island, we will not have enough articles to talk about.
- The Nubian Village
The Nubian village was able to attract tourism in Aswan by distinguishing it with a vivid and realistic portrayal of Nubian life. Nubian civilization often differed from the ancient Egyptian civilization in its lifestyle, its distinctive character in clothing and food, the design and decoration of houses, In order to achieve full harmony with them, and provide a healthy atmosphere refreshing and self-contained away from the heat of the nature of the country, so deserve to fall within the tourist places in Egypt.
The Nubian clothes, the famous Nubian food, handicrafts and handicrafts will also be amazed at the cleanliness of the buildings, streets and houses where the people of Nubia depend on themselves in the cleanliness of their village, Hygiene is a way of life for them.
9- Khenum Temple in Aswan Temple of Khnum
The Khenum Temple occupies an interesting location because it is located about nine meters below the ground level on the island of Elephantine, and records indicate that it was built above a former temple.
Historians believe that the temple was built in the era of King Thutmose III. However, it is difficult to prove this because the temple remaining to this day depicts many of the Ptolemaic rulers the last rulers of the Pharaonic era. What scientists know is that the physical structure of the Khenum temple dates back to the Greco-Roman era in Egypt.
The temple of Khenum is of great value because it is one of the few ancient temples where the surface is still intact, in which the various stages of construction can be found. Four rows of huge columns are in the main hall, some of which retain even the ancient colors painted to this day, Tourism in Aswan is the favorite of tourists.
- Aswan Museum
The ancient Egyptians were found in Aswan in a difficult way. The establishment of the Aswan Museum on the island of Elephantine was an attempt to include a number of ancient monuments in one place. The villa was chosen by architect William Wilcox, one of the architects who supervised the construction of the old Aswan Dam. Work of the Excavations for the Construction of the High Dam Several monuments dating back to different eras were discovered and included in the museum’s collections.
The Aswan Museum is surrounded by the Khenum Temple, a statue of the god Khannum in the form of the head of the ram, many Nubian monuments and traces of the Elephantine Island and ancient prehistoric monuments, making it a major tourist attraction in Aswan.
11- Temple of Kalabsha
The temple of Kalabsha is one of the most important Egyptian Nubian temple, and one of the most important tourist attractions in Aswan. It was built in the early Roman period in 30 BC in the Ptolemaic era, with a distinctive design for the worship of God Mandolis, the sun god Nubian. Can be visited through Nile cruises.
Kalabsha Temple is located on an island in the center of Lake Nasser, next to the High Dam and about 16 km from Aswan. The temple was threatened with sinking under the Nile because of the construction of the Aswan High Dam, but the temple was moved to the banks of Lake Nasser, part of UNESCO’s initiative to save the effects of Nubia in the 1960s.
12- The Mausoleum of Aga Khan
The Aga Khan Shrine is 2.5 miles from the Aswan train station. It was built by Muhammad Shah, known as Aga Khan III. He was the spiritual leader of the Ismaili Shia sect of India and Imam No. 48 in 1885 and was one of the richest men in the world.
Agha Khan was suffering from rheumatism and bone pain, and his friend advised him to travel to Aswan in the hope of recovery. As a result of the popularity of medical tourism in Aswan, her health and healing sands, he traveled to Aswan in 1954 with his wife and followers. He buried his legs in the Aswan sands every day. And decided to visit Aswan every winter, and then built a villa and also a cemetery to commemorate his recovery in this place and bury him after his death.
The mausoleum is built of pink granite and resembles the Fatimid tombs in Cairo. It is located near the monastery of St. Simeon on the West Bank in Aswan. The mausoleum is built on a hill offering visitors a panoramic view of the area.
Agha Khan’s wife visited the shrine after her husband’s death and recommended placing the flowers on the tomb every day. When she died she was buried with her husband. The mausoleum attracts many Ismaili pilgrims and visitors from all over the world and is a landmark in Aswan tourism.
13- The Monastery of St. Simon Simeon
The monastery of Anba Samaan is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Aswan. It is located within the tourist areas of Aswan, which attracts the attention of both Christian and Muslim visitors, especially in the way of pilgrims who seek to rest from the troubles of the journey.
The excavations and documents indicate that this monastery was built in the sixth century AD and is characterized by its unique design and its ancient role in the region as a living image of brotherhood between the Christian and Islamic religions, one of the famous Bakhtian monasteries which played an important social role alongside its religious role.
The monastery is located on a high hill near the Aga Khan Shrine, surrounded by the desert stretching from each side, while the eastern side overlooks the great Nile River. The monastery was named after St. Anas Simon, one of the founders of the monastery, while some call it “Monastery of the Anba Hadra” relative to one of the monastery’s eminent monks.
- Nile Museum
The Nile River is the lifeblood of Egypt. The Greek historian Herodotus, when he said that “Egypt is the gift of the Nile,” was believed. Without the eternal river, Egypt would have been an arid desert with no sown or water, and it would be natural for the great Nile River to be sanctified by ancient Egyptians , A museum of its own, tells the history of ancient civilizations lived on its banks, and the stories of neighbors of the Nile Basin countries, which linked the bonds of friendship and love between them and Egypt, making the Nile Museum a tourist attraction in Aswan, which attracts tourists from all countries of the world,
The museum brings together many of the ancient ruins of the Nile Basin countries, with signs that tell a lot about the immortal river journey from its source in the plateau of the lakes and the plateau of Abyssinia (Ethiopia now) and pour its excess water into the Mediterranean Sea. From the early to the modern era, and did not lose sight of the exhibition add artistic touches to Egypt’s great artists, as well as adding old murals that show the ancient Egyptian farmer and his work in the stages of planting and harvesting.
15- Sehel Island
Suhail Island is located in Aswan. It is the title of beauty and elegance when the charming beauty of nature meets the mysteries of the past surrounded by curiosity and passion, which attracts lovers of Egypt to discover more secrets that have puzzled the world so far and tempts to take commemorative pictures.
One of the most remarkable features of Suhail is the Nubian village, which dates back to ancient Egypt, and was a source of granite used in the construction of temples and estates.
One of the most important monuments in Aswan on the island is the Famine Plate, a mural with a hieroglyphic inscription that depicts the country’s drought and starvation due to the Nile flood, which is considered an angry gods. The painting shows King Zoser offering sacrifices to the god Khenom.
16- The dome of Al-Hawa Qubbet el-Hawa
The Dome of the Awa is the tombs of nobles in the old age. This name was referred to as “Ali bin Al-Hawa” dome, which rises 180 meters.
These tombs, which link between ancient times through medieval and modern times, have their own special design, which begins with an ascending sandway leading up to the entrance to the cemetery, which in turn leads to a hall with a number of granite columns. The walls are decorated with wonderful colorful paintings that tell The daily life of the Egyptian man; the cultivation of the land and the sowing of the seeds, the plowing and the harvesting, and in the middle of the hall a corridor leading to the burial chamber.
The dome of Al-Hawa has acquired an important place within the Aswan ruins and is considered as a tourist attraction in Aswan, which is preferred to visit lovers and scholars of Egyptology.
Finally, we invite you to make a wonderful tourist tour within the beautiful city of Aswan. Aswan tourism will be one of your great experiences, alongside the tour of Luxor, each complementing the other.
We were together in the tour of dear reader in one of the most beautiful and most beautiful tourist cities of Egypt, the city of Aswan, which collected all that attracts tourists, whether lovers of history and archeology, or lovers of nature, or lovers of the return to simplicity and old life away from the hustle and bustle of the city.
The most important recreational places in Aswan
1- The Island of Plants El Nabatat Island
There is no doubt that the island of plants is one of the most beautiful recreational places in Aswan. It is a nature reserve built on an area of 17 acres divided into seven different plant areas. Each section includes a group of rare and perennial plants. It contains 380 species of different plants, containing a collection of fruits and tropical trees, medicinal and aromatic plants, ornamental plants, wood trees and spices.
One of the most interesting activities that attract a tourist sailboat sailing on a wonderful Nile trip to get to the island, enjoying the most beautiful landscape, and palm trees that loosen its branches on the Nile in a spectacular view, and the reflection of the sun on the surface of the river takes you to a world of magic and imagination.
On the island you will enjoy walking through the corridors that are ready to walk freely to discover the island, to see rare flowers and plants, and colorful and exotic birds. If you feel like you need some rest, you will find this nice cafe overlooking the Nile where you can enjoy light snacks and delicious drinks.
2- Aswan Corniche
You will definitely enjoy walking along the Aswan Corniche, and the best time is sunset or sunrise, to watch sunset or sunrise over the Great Nile and above Aswan and its desert in an irresistible and picturesque view.
If you do not want to walk along the Aswan Corniche, do not miss this view and see it from one of the restaurants or cafes on the Corniche, or in the hotel where you live, or take a picnic in a boat spread along the Aswan Corniche to see the sunset view in the waters of the Nile This is much nicer.
3 – Market Street Aswan Old Souks
Aswan market is a colorful bazaar, known locally as the Sharia Market, the cheapest place to buy souvenirs in Aswan. The bazaar is located four blocks from the Nile River and runs about 7 buildings parallel to the river, and includes many Egyptian and African goods.
Traders sell a wide range of commodities such as perfumes, peanuts, henna powder, dried hibiscus flowers, spices, various types of dates known as Aswan, famous Nubian shirts, and Egyptian souvenirs.
In the side alleys you will find traders selling Nubian antiques like tugs, amulets, baskets, Sudanese swords, carpets, stuffed animals like crocodiles.