- Cairo Tower: Cairo Tower was built between 1956 – 1961 of
reinforced concrete on the design of the Egyptian lotus flower, and is
located in the heart of Cairo on the island of Zamalek River Nile. It is
one of the most famous tourist attractions in Cairo.
It is 187 meters high and is 43 meters higher than the Great Pyramid
of Giza. At the top of the Cairo Tower, there is a tourist restaurant on
a rotating platform that spins the pioneers of the restaurant to see the
landmarks of Cairo from all sides.
- Al Azhar Mosque: Al-Azhar Mosque is one of the most important
Islamic mosques in Egypt and the Islamic world at all. It was
established during the reign of Caliph al-Mu’izz to be a university and
a school. It was built following the conquest of Egypt in July 969.
Where he laid the basis of the city of Cairo to be the capital and the
city of Jund west of Mokattam. The foundation of the palace of the
Caliph al-Mu’izz and the stone of Asas al-Azhar Mosque were laid in
- Ben Ezra Synagogue: Sometimes called the Gniza Church, it is a
synagogue located in Fustat, Old Cairo, Egypt. The synagogue
contains a library of precious Jewish books and periodicals that
chronicle the existence of Jews in Egypt.
The synagogue was originally a church called the Church of the
Candles, which was sold by the Orthodox Church to the Jewish
community when it experienced financial hardship as a result of the
increase in taxes imposed on them at the time.
- Church of St. George: The Church of St. George, one of the oldest
surviving Christian and Egyptian churches to date, dating back to the
first Christian era, in the fourth century AD, and the seat of the Pope’s
chair and Patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria,
which includes one of the most important religious museums, which
was recently developed Egyptian government. Known as the Church of St. George, one of the honored Christian
martyrs of all the Eastern Churches, the church is distinguished by its
circular design which differs from that of other churches.
- The Citadel: It is one of the three castles ordered by Sultan Saladin,
in Cairo, Syria and Jordan, but the castle in Cairo was built by the
sultan himself, and dates back to the era of the Ayyubid state.
The Citadel was built on a high and separate hill from the Mokattam
mountain, one of the most luxurious castles built in the Middle Ages,
and was designed to protect the city, and also the seat of government
and the house of the Sultan, but the construction of the castle was
not completed during the reign of Salah al-Din, but was in the era of
the just Sultan He was the first to live there, and remained the seat of
government until he moved to Abdeen Palace.
- Khan al Khalili: It is one of several markets established by the
Mamluks, but the most famous and largest, and became an important
trade center in the Middle Ages, and contains 112 Islamic
monuments predominantly Fatimid.
Today, the Khan el-Khalili market is a landmark of Islamic Cairo.
It has many shops that specialize in handicrafts such as copper, gold
and silver handicrafts, spices, incense, textiles, It is intended for
tourists to buy souvenirs and artifacts in which the pharaonic, Coptic
and Islamic character prevails, reflecting the successive cultures
witnessed in Cairo.
- Coptic Museum: this museum was established in 1908, houses
Coptic workmanship from the most punctual long stretches of
Christianity in Egypt directly through to early Islam. It is a wonderful
spot, as much for the detailed wood carving in every one of the
exhibitions with respect to the fortunes they contain. These
incorporate a figure that shows clear coherence from the Ptolemaic
time frame, rich materials and entire dividers of religious community
frescoes. Permit at any rate two or three hours to investigate the
1200 or so pieces in plain view.
- Egyptian Museum: First established in Boulak, in 1891 it was moved
to the Giza Palace of “Ismail Pasha” which housed the relics that
were later moved to the present structure. Lodging 165,000 Egyptian
relics, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo draws in a huge number of
guests every year. The feature for most is the rooms containing the
extremely valuable fortunes of King Tutankhamun. His 6 gold plated
boxes, every one littler and more unpredictably designed than the
last, overwhelm the fundamental corridor, while his glorious demise
cover is the must-see thing of the day.
- Hanging Church: The Hanging Church is located in the area of Misr
al-Qadima, in the important archaeological area of Coptic Cairo. It is
close to the Ben Ezra Synagogue and St. Mena Church next to the
Fort of Babylon. It is named after it because it was built on two of the
towers of the Roman fortress of Babylon, and is considered the oldest
surviving church in Egypt.
The church was renewed several times during the Islamic era, and
was the seat of many patriarchs since the eleventh century, and
buried a number of patriarchs in the eleventh and twelfth centuries,
and still have pictures and icons in the church lit candles.
- Madrasa of Sultan Hassan: Located on an area of 7906 square
meters, or nearly two acres, and in the form of rectangular irregular
ribs, located in the field of Salah al-Din in Cairo, the Mamluk
monument, one of the greatest and most magnificent Islamic
monuments. It was established in 1334, and was designed to teach
the four Islamic schools of thought.
A large mosque with two graceful minarets at the Qibla Iwan was
attached to the school.
This mosque is truly the greatest and most important Mamluk
mosque. It combines the magnitude of the building and the majesty of
engineering, and the accuracy of the industry and the diversity of
- Manasterly Palace: This palace was established by the Egyptian
Minister of Interior Pasha Tosun, the ruler of Egypt. It was built in the tribal end of the island of Rawda on the ruins of the
palace of Sultan Najmuddin which dates back to the Ayyubid era. In
addition to the work of Almanistrli Pasha, a small mosque instead of
the older one that was built in the Fatimid era, and there is a painting
in the mosque includes the date of death of Hassan Fouad Pasha
Almanistrli in 6 Rabi I 1276 AH.
- Manial Palace: It is the palace of Prince Mohammed Ali, son of
Khedive Tawfiq, and his palace, which recommended turning it into a
museum of the most beautiful and most important historical museums
The palace is unique in its architectural design.It was built in a
modern Islamic style adapted from Iranian and Mamluk schools.It
also includes some Syrian, Moroccan and Andalusian motifs, and
even the Persian and Ottoman spirit was popular, so this palace is an
artistic school that combines various elements of Islamic art.
The palace consists of the reception sarai, clock tower, avenue,
mosque, hunting museum, as well as the unique and unique garden
surrounding the palace.
- Mosque of Ibn Tulun: One of the famous archaeological mosques in
Cairo is the third mosque built in Islamic Egypt, after the Mosque of
Amr ibn al-Aas built in Fustat, and Askar Mosque built in the city of
Askar, but it is the only one that remained intact and did not change
the restoration and successive reforms of its features like the rest of
the oldest mosques from him.
The mosque was built on a rocky hill, known as Jabal-e-Shukr. With
an area of about six acres and half an acre, it is built in the form of a
square inspired by the styles of the Abbasid mosques, especially the
Samarra mosque in Iraq, which inspired the lighthouse.
- Museum of Islamic Art: The Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo is the
largest Islamic art museum in the world. It houses a variety of Islamic
art from India, China and Iran, through the arts of Arabia, Syria,
Egypt, North Africa and Andalusia.
The museum was first opened in 1903 and is located in the “Babal-Khalq”, one of the most famous squares of Islamic Cairo, and next
to the most important models of Islamic architecture in its various
eras, indicating the prosperity of the Islamic civilization.
It has been named since 1952, because it contains artifacts and
artifacts made in a number of Islamic countries, and was previously
called the “House of Arab Antiquities.”