Although the monuments of ancient Egypt are quite different from any historical monuments in the whole world, they are not remnants of buildings, palaces or temples, but a complete civilization whose temples are still full of splendor and splendor. Tourism in Aswan is not only ancient monuments, but there are many important landmarks in Aswan, the bright sun of Aswan is the most important landmark of this charming city, where tourists come to Europe to seek warmth from the frost of their country in the winter, as well as therecovery of medical tourism in Aswan as well as recreational, including nature reserves and scenic
- Aswan Museum: The ancient Egyptians are spread in Aswan to be incalculable, and the establishment of the Museum of Aswan on Elephantine Island was one of the attempts to combine a number of ancient monuments in one place. Aswan Museum includes the temple of Khnum, a statue of the god Khnum in the form of the head of the ram, and many Nubian monuments and ruins from Elephantine Island, and antiquities dating back to prehistoric times, in addition to a huge amount of monuments from different eras, found during the construction of the dam Higher, which made it one of the most prominent tourist attractions in Aswan.
- Kitchener Island: The island of plants is one of the finest recreational places in Aswan. It is a 17-acre nature reserve and contains a collection of 380 perennial and rare plants, including fruits and tropical trees, medicinal and aromatic plants, ornamental plants, wood trees, and spices. Accessing to the island itself is one of the most popular activities for tourists, as it is a Nile cruise on a sailboat, which allows the tourist to enjoy the most wonderful landscapes, palm trees loosening their branches on the waters of the Nile in a breathtaking view, and the reflection of the sun on the surface of the river takes you to a world of magic and imagination.
- Kubbet el Hawa: A rocky mountain located on the west bank of the Nile, with a height of about 130 meters. Kubbet el Hawa was chosen by the ancient Egyptians as a burial place for the nobles of the region and the elders who were working in the Nuba area. They take the form of chambers carved inside the mountain. The walls are decorated with inscriptions that depict the usual daily life of the time. Kubbet el Hawa is seen from afar, and there is also the remains of a Coptic monastery, St. George. The place has a spectacular view and wonderful night at the Nile Corniche in Aswan
- The Mausoleum of Aga Khan: It is a red granite mausoleum, influenced by the Fatimid architecture. The site was chosen on a high hill on the west bank of the Nile, which provides visitors with a panoramic view of the area as a whole. The shrine was owned by Aga Khan III, the leader of India’s Shiite community, who was one of the richest men of the world at the time, who visited Aswan to recover from rheumatism, from which he recovered one week later. The shrine houses both Aga Khan and his wife.
- Monastery of St. Simeon: The monastery is one of the main shrines in Aswan, attracting Christian and Muslim tourists alike. The monastery was built in the sixth century AD, and is characterized by its unique design and its long-standing role in the region, religiously and socially as a vivid picture of the fraternity between the Christian and Islamic religions. The monastery is located on a high hill near the Aga Khan Mausoleum. It is surrounded by a desert that extends from each side. The monastery was named after Anba Simon, one of the founders of the monastery.
- Nilometer: Given that the lives of the ancient Egyptians were directly linked to the Nile, both drought and flooding are catastrophic, so the ancient Egyptians invented a river water scale in an effort to predict flood or drought times. The Nile scale is located in the temple of Khnum, and dates back to 7000 years, and is in the form of a square basin, and on the walls of the Nile flood measures in several languages, and because of the importance of this invention, it was strange to choose the location of its presence inside the temple, and was not allowed to approach only priests And important state men.
- Nubian Museum: UNESCO has established the Nubian Museum to display the artifacts found in the land of Nubia, which begins fromprehistoric times, and review the history of Nubia and valuable information on the most important customs and traditions of Nubian and also the Nubian language, which was inherited from ancient times, and continued until today, and this Along with the holdings of Egyptian civilization, which dates back to the Old and Middle Kingdom, and includes human and animal statues showing the extent of creativity and progress in sculpture. The museum is designed in harmony with the surrounding environment, in harmony with the rocks and bright sun, and the unique nature of Aswan.
- Tombs of the Nobles: It includes rock tombs located on the west bank of Aswan. These tombs belonged to the rulers of the city of Aswan. They date back to ancient times and have historical significance that puts them at the top of the tombs in Upper Egypt. The walls of the tombs of the nobles were decorated with scenes of the daily life of ancient Egypt, such as the scenery of agriculture, plowing, sacrificial animals and hunting birds in the Delta swamps and deserts.
- Unfinished Obelisk: It is an unfinished obelisk. It was carved in the granite mountain in South Aswan, which was dedicated to carving obelisks in South Aswan, but it was not cut. Egyptologists say that this obelisk dates back to the era of Queen Hatshepsut before 1300 BC, and it is believed that if the construction of this obelisk, it would be the largest and heaviest obelisk in the world. The length of the missing obelisk is approximately 41 meters, the length of its base is four meters, and is likely to weigh 117 tons.
SOUTH OF ASWAN
- Abu Simbel: The temple of Abu Simbel dates back to the reign of the great king Ramses II since 2400 BC, in which his victories arecelebrated in the famous Battle of Kadesh, and is characterized by the presence of giant statues of him and three gods. The temple reflects the superiority of ancient Egyptians in engineering, architecture, and astronomy, and the baptism of the sun on the sacred room one day a year, the temple contains the largest concrete dome in the world, and the temple withstands earthquakes up to a magnitude of 10 Richter.
- High Dam: The High Dam is the best way to control the Nile flood. Its main purpose was to provide water for agriculture, as well as harnessing hydroelectric power to generate electricity. Work on the first phase of the High Dam began in January 1960 with technical assistance and financial funding from the Soviet Union, and opened in January 1971. The construction of the High Dam was a great addition to Egypt’s industrial progress and the nucleus of a great renaissance at all levels.
- Kalabsha, Qirtassi & Beit al Wali: Kalabsha is an island about 500 meters from the High Dam. It is considered an open museum that displays the civilizations of Egypt in many of its historical periods. It is likely that the rocky scrubs representing the depictions of animals, fishing landscapes and boats date back to the Old Kingdom. The island includes a number of important historical monuments such as Beit al Wali temple, which is the oldest temples of Ramses II in Nubia, and the most prominent is the column hall with colorful inscriptions, which is still in good condition. There is also a Qirtassi Booth, which is considered one of the most beautiful booths in Nubia and dates back to the Greco-Roman era.
- Isis Temple Complex/Philae : The Temple of Philae is a collection of temples that were located on the island of Philae. The Philae temple complex is now located on the island of Agilka under the auspices of UNESCO. The temple of Isis was dedicated to the worship of the god Isis, while in the same complex there were other temples dedicated to theworship of the god Hathor, in addition to the tomb of Isis. The Philae Temple Complex is one of the most important archaeological tourist attractions in Aswan and is intended for tourists from all over the world.
- Temple of Isis: It is considered the largest temple in the synagogue, which was built on the island of Philae, Aswan, where alone occupies one-third of the area of the complex, the temple dedicated to the worship of the god Isis, and tells the story of the love of Isis and Osiris in Egyptian mythology. The temple was built by Emperor Augustus in the 9th century, on the north side of Philae Temple. The temple design is a mixture of Egyptian, Roman, and Greek civilizations.
- Temple of Hathor: By the Great Temple of Ramses II sits the littler of Abu Simbel’s sanctuaries. The Temple of Hathor has a stone cut exterior fronted by six 10m-high standing statues of Ramses and Nefertari, with a portion of their numerous kids close by. Nefertari here wears the outfit of the goddess Hathor, and is, uncommonly, depicted as a similar stature as her significant other (rather than knee-tallness, as most consorts were portrayed). The vestibule and bordering chambers, which have brilliant scenes of the goddess and her consecrated bark, lead to the haven, which has endured statue of Hathor as a bovine rising up out of the stone.
- Kiosk of Trajan: This is one of the largest Ancient Egyptian monuments standing today at the island of Agilkia, which was constructed by the Roman Emperor, Trajan. in 1960 UNESCO saved Philae island due to the Aswan dam and brought it to Agilkia. Its an unusual combination of wood and stone.Its behind the Philae temple overlooking the calm waters. The ceiling is missing and there are 4 by 5 pillars with an open roof. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in Philae and has 14 columns, each with a differently decorated capital. Some bear the effigy of the goddess Hathor. You can also see the cartouche of Emperor Trajan.